Roy Millar - Romans Revisited

Romans Revisited

First of all let me explain the title - "Romans re-visited". Several years ago I was in process of teaching it when I came upon a tape by David Pawson giving an overview of the whole letter that changed my perspective. I had long known that God chose Israel and has purposes for them, as a people, to the end of time. What I had not appreciated was that this truth informs much of Romans and not just chapters 9 through 11. These chapters have frequently been characterized as a diversion from the main thrust of the book. This caused me to rethink and this series is the result; hence the title. At the outset I should like, therefore, with gratitude, to acknowledge this source, upon which I have particularly drawn in the introductory session. Of course Romans has much else to tell us. The great themes of the righteous character of God, justification by faith, assurance, hope and joy, living in freedom from sin in the power of the Holy Spirit, and our life as members of the church and citizens within an ungodly society both comfort and challenge us. Paul's purpose goes beyond mere information. He wants us to be transformed by the renewing of our minds so that we will make the only reasonable response to offer ourselves, our bodies, to God as a living sacrifice. In so doing we will prove in personal experience that the will of God is good and acceptable and perfect. Paul is uniquely qualified for these tasks - a Hebrew of the Hebrews and also a Roman citizen and the Apostle to the Gentiles. The illustrations are from Marcus Aurelius Square in Rome. The plinth was initially occupied by statues of the emporer and his wife. A statue of St. Paul now towers over the city in which he was martyred by Nero.

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Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 1 vs 1 - 16

Romans Chapter 1 vs 1 - 16

Why did Paul write to this church that he had never visited? What was the context into which he wrote? Jews had been expelled from Rome and had returned to a situation dominated by Gentile converts. There were tensions and dangers that Paul is impelled to address in the light of the character and purposes of God. This session provides an outline of Romans and introduces the theme of the Gospel - the good news of ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 1 vs 17 - 32

Romans Chapter 1 vs 17 - 32

The good news is that the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation. It is displayed against the backcloth of bad news, the sins that are characteristic of the Gentiles - ungodliness and unrighteousness. And the dreadful state of Gentile society is not simply under the judgement of God - it is the judgement of God. Paul reveals the interconnections between ungodliness, wickedness, and judgement. The ultimate degradation is when sin becomes the basis ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 2 vs 1 - Chapter 3 vs 20

Romans Chapter 2 vs 1 - Chapter 3 vs 20

At this stage the religious person may be feeling smug, but he also is given bad news. The news is bad for the religious person as well He misunderstands how things really are. It is a great shock to his pride to be told that he is in the dock with the despised pagans. He misinterprets the God's patience and underestimates the standard that God requires On what basis will God judge the world - on ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 3 vs 21 - 31

Romans Chapter 3 vs 21 - 31

We tend to think that the good news focuses on the love of God. Paul reminds us that in the first place the Gospel reveals that God is righteous. When God sent His Son to die for sin it smashed all illusions of a 'soft' God. "BUT NOW!" some really good news. The defendants have been rendered speechless. The verdict has been given - guilty as charged. The sentence has been passed - death. The ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 4 vs 1 - 25

Romans Chapter 4 vs 1 - 25

Paul has demonstrated that the plight of Jews and Gentiles is the same. His purpose in chapter 4 is to show that God's method in the past was the same as it is now. He illustrates this through the lives of two people who enjoyed close relationship with God, Abraham and David. If they could not succeed by their own efforts then we need not trouble to investigate further. Abraham lived before the Law and ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 5 vs 1 - 21

Romans Chapter 5 vs 1 - 21

Justification is the first stage and the rest follows in a logical way. The initial act of acquittal guarantees the rest. Salvation is a 'complete and indivisible package'. Hope is the direct work of the Holy Spirit in our hearts. He works in us on the basis of the work of Jesus for us. There are three main grounds for assurance: Believing that God's Word is reliable, observing how we have changed, and the inner witness of ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 6 vs 1 - 10

Romans Chapter 6 vs 1 - 10

A question from the Gentiles. The overflowing nature of grace is such that it could be abused, as in the opening question, "Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?" "We died to sin, how can we live in it any longer?" Paul makes a large number of links like this to show how this is unthinkable and impossible. Paul keeps asking questions that probe the mindset of a person who thinks he ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 6 vs 11 - 23

Romans Chapter 6 vs 11 - 23

Change is not automatic. We entered the new kingdom by faith and we must continue to live in it by faith. What are the critical issues for faith? - The grace of God - Our union with Christ. - Sin has lost its power over us. - Faith depends on understanding truth.. - Faith and obedience are twins. Paul is talking about the centre and direction of our lives, not 'sinless perfection'. Unmasking the old slavery - Can you ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 7 vs 1 - 25 .

Romans Chapter 7 vs 1 - 25 .

What is the point of the Law? Two questions from the Jews. Is the law sin? Has what is good become death to me? Paul shows how the wrong use of law has made the problem worse. We need relationship rather than religion. The problem is not the Law itself but our way of relating to it. We are freed from that relationship, not for independence, but in order to have a new husband in order ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 8 vs 1 - 27

Romans Chapter 8 vs 1 - 27

How should we now live? How will the Gospel renew the whole Creation? Justification is inseparably linked to holiness - by the indwelling Holy Spirit. There are two contrasting laws - the law of sin and death and the law of the Spirit of Life in the Messiah Jesus. We are now to live 'according to the Spirit' - what does that mean? How we think determines how we behave. A Spirit - controlled mind produces life and ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 8 vs 28 - Chapter 9 vs 6

Romans Chapter 8 vs 28 - Chapter 9 vs 6

"We know that all things work together for good..." There is an unbreakable chain, from eternity to eternity - foreknown... predestined... called... justified... glorified. Each stage depends on God and His faithfulness to His word. In the grand finale Paul throws out a challenge to all comers "Who is able to separate us from the love of God on Jesus the Messiah?" He concludes that no one is equal to the challenge. This is our ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 9 vs 7 - 33

Romans Chapter 9 vs 7 - 33

God's sovereign choice and apparent rejection of Israel God's way of working is illustrated in the Torah itself - Isaac/ Ishmael, Jacob/Esau. Physical descent from Abraham does not guarantee relationship with God or being included in His definition of Israel. Is this not very unfair? Paul's answer is a very emphatic "Certainly not!" the whole basis of the Gospel crumbles if God is unrighteous. The issue has to do with promise and the required response of ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 10 vs 1 - Chapter 11 vs 5

Romans Chapter 10 vs 1 - Chapter 11 vs 5

This chapter paints a bleak picture of Israel. It seems that, despite all their protestations to the contrary, they are responsible for their failure to believe God's word and his revelation in the Messiah. God has stretched out his hands to them and given them every opportunity, but they have been totally unwilling to respond, preferring their own opinions. They have been stubborn and disobedient and self-willed, and deserve to be rejected. Paul uses the Scriptures ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 11 vs 5 - 36

Romans Chapter 11 vs 5 - 36

The shocking thing is that Israel's blindness is a judicial act of God. It is, specifically, an inability to understand the Scriptures that God gave them. However, it is partial and temporary. Paul asks a question - "Have they stumbled and fallen, (completely and permanently)? "No! Never! Impossible!" And the restoration of Israel will release unprecedented blessing in the whole world. Gentiles are like wild branches grafted into the olive tree of Israel so they should not ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 12 vs 1 - 21

Romans Chapter 12 vs 1 - 21

How then shall we live? Paul is turning to application, on the basis of all that has gone before. It has relevance to Gentile/Jewish issues and also, to life in ancient pagan Rome. His approach to them flows from grace; his apostleship is a gift from God. Above all he longs for unity of heart and life. Our bodies as a living sacrifice - physical, holy, God pleasing, a reasonable response (therefore). There are only ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 13 vs 1 - 14

Romans Chapter 13 vs 1 - 14

All authority comes from God; rulers are called "God's servants" - obey, contribute, respect but obedience to the state is not absolute. Love your neighbour - like our Father; we have received mercy; motivation for evangelism. Love fulfils the Torah. "Knowing the time" - What time is it? - Time to wake up; almost dawn; day time. This is another motivation for holy living. We are to live as 'people of the day so avoid typical "night ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 14 vs 1 - Chapter 15 vs 7

Romans Chapter 14 vs 1 - Chapter 15 vs 7

Law Liberty and Love The church is a single body but it is made up of individuals who have differing opinions about pleases God. Scripture has not spoken about everything in detail; there is room for private judgement on some issues. Love is supreme over 'liberty'. These differences relate to external observances that are not specifically required by Scripture - 'doubtful things'. Paul does not give a ruling. We grow up as we wrestle with issues and ...

Roy Millar - Romans Chapter 15 vs 8 - Chapter 16 vs 27

Romans Chapter 15 vs 8 - Chapter 16 vs 27

Jesus came to Israel in order to reveal the faithfulness (truth) of God and to the Gentiles so that they would experience God's mercy. God's grace impels us to look beyond petty differences and human ambitions and see the real purpose of life. Paul shares his heart with them: He is their brother, he has a particular calling to Gentiles everywhere, his calling has been vindicated by the results of his ministry, he is concerned ...

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